Unit 2 - Gear Ratios and Drive Trains
This unit teaches students about the various gears available in a VEX robotics kit. They will understand how to calculate a gear reduction and how to apply these calculations to manipulate the speed of their robot.
Unit Teacher Notes
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This lesson will teach students about gears and the trade off between speed and torque as it relates to drivetrains.
- Identify the different types of gears
- Explain the difference between speed, power and torque and vary the gear ratio (and the mechanical advantage) in a system, which gives them the versatility necessary to accomplish whatever work needs to be done.
- Demonstrate the correct use of the calculations needed to choose a gear reduction for either high speed or low speed.
Students will apply their newfound knowledge of gear reduction to calculate the distance that a robot travels based on the input speed of the robot and the wheel size.
- Describe the relationship between radius, diameter, circumference, revolutions and distance for a wheels
Students will apply their newfound knowledge of gear reduction to calculate the distance that a robot travels based on the output speed of the robot based on different gear reductions.
- Analyze the features of their robot and identify/synthesize how to change them to get different results for high speed or low speed
- Graph the results of their experiment in a meaningful way and discuss situations where the results did not follow the expectation.
Quiz on the unit